Athena. The ancient Greek goddess who granted mankind one of nature’s most precious gifts by planting the sacred olive tree on the Acropolis of Athens. With this offering, Athena, goddess of wisdom, fertility and war strategy, defeated Poseidon in the mythical contest for the naming of the city. The god of the sea had pledged to turn the city into a sea power, striking the rock with his trident and making salt water gush out of the cleft in a symbolic gesture. The Athenians, however, deemed the goddess’ gift more important and named the city after her!